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, Adonis ( A. vernalis, A. volgensis, A. sibirica, A. villosa) 27, Bouteloua dactyloides 50, 75, Anabsis salsa 30, Andropogon ( A. gerardii) 51, Bulbocodium versicolor Veronica ( V. spicata, V. incana, V. multifida, V. pinnata, V. prostrate, V. spuria) Anemone ( A. sylvestris) 27, Bupleurum scorzonerifolium Hyacinthella ( H. leucophaea, H. pallasiana) Bouteloua gracilis Galatella ( G. villosa, G. tatarica) Gagea ( ) Agropyron ( , A. pectinatum) 96, Cleistogenes squarrosa Phlomis Phlomoides ( Phlomoides tuberosa, Phlomis pungens) Iris ( 15 , I. pumila, I. humilis, I. glaucescens, I. potaninii) 28, Caragana ( 15 , C. frutex) 87, Caragana microphylla Limonium 29, 69, , Stipa ( , ) 28, 29, 30, 44, 45, 51, 59, 61, 69, 75, 87, 88, 97, 98, 99, 114, 135, 138, Stipa baikalensis Stipa orientalis Stipa zalesskii Stipa kirghisorum Stipa krylovii 29, () Stipa lessingiana () Stipa capillata pa Stipa ukrainica 29, Trifolium Amoria Tragopogon ( T. dubius) Campanula ( C. sibirica) 18, Bromopsis ( B. riparia) 27, Senecio Potentilla ( , P. humifusa, P. recta, P. canescens) 29, Potentilla acaulis Ranunculus 27, Chenopodiaceae 98, Silaum silaus 100, Poa ( Poa stepposa) 53, Leucanthemum ( , L. vulgare) Filifolium sibiricum 87, 96, Nostoc ( N. commune, - , , , Scytonema ocellatum, Microcoleus vaginatus .) 28, Onosma ( O. polychroma, O. tinctoria, O. simplicissima) 28, Artemisia ( , , A. austriaca, A. lercheana, A. taurica, A. glauca, .) 29, 30, 75, 125, 134, 135, Artemisia frigida 29, Artemisia gmelinii Pulsatilla ( , , P. patens, , P. ucrainica, , Pulsatilla turczaninovii) 27, Kochia prostrata Ornithogalum Elytrigia 51, Silene jenisseensis Spiraea ( , S. crenata, S. hypericifolia, - S. trilobata) 30, 135, Filipendula ( , F. vulgaris) 27, Thymus ( Th. marschallianus, , Th. serpyllum, ) Festuca ( F. valesiaca) 27, 29, 30, 61, 88, 98, 126, 133, 138, Koeleria ( K. cristata, K. glauca) 28, 29, 51, Phragmites australis 86, Tulipa ( , , Tulipa gesneriana) 18, 28, Veratrum ( - , V. nigrum) Achnatherum (=Lasiagrostis) splendens Lathyrus ( L. pannonicus, L. pallescens) Salvia ( ) 27, 28, Scutellaria baicalensis Onobrychis ( , O. arenaria) ( ) Ephedra ( , E. distachya, E. monosperma, E. equisetina) 67, Locusta migratoria ( , Acrididae) 89, Anatolica, Asilidae, , 137, Amoeba, , Rhizopoda ( Sarcomastigophora);

, , 35, Blaps, 110, Gyrinidae, () , Hydrophilidae, () ( ) Geophilidae, 120, 131, Dischirius, Lumbricidae 31, 47, 55, Curculionidae, () 55, 113, 118, 137, Dorcadion, - , Mastigophora ( Sarcomastigophora) 35, Carabidae, () 58, 86, , Coleoptera, 47, 57, 89, Ciliophora, Calliptamus italicus ( , Acrididae) Cardiophorus, - , Hemiptera, 117, Lithobiomorpha, Chrysomelidae, () 112, Loxostege sticticalis ( -, Crambidae) Microdera, Myriapoda, Synaphe moldavica ( , Pyralidae) 133, Formicidae, 108, 132, Brachycera, ( ) (Diptera) 107, , , Scarabaeidae ( Coprinae);

, Aphodius , Nematoda, , Collembola, , (Entognatha) , 31, 119, 120, Agrotis segetum ( , Noctuidae) Oribatida, (Sarcoptiformes) , Acariformes;

31, 119, 120, 121, Aranei, 117, 118, Pedinus, Penthicus, Opatrum sabulosum ( , Tenebrionidae) 89, 90, 110, Hymenopthera, Dytiscidae, () Platynoscelis, Orthoptera, , , 71, 78, 89, Acrididae, ;

, , , ⅅ 47, 57, Noctuidae, () () Dendrolimus pini ( , Lasiocampidae) ( ) Staphylinidae, () Odonata, 79, Tentyria, 109, Therevidae, , 137, Elaphrinae, , Elaphrus, Aphidoidea, ( , Homoptera, ) Cerambycidae, () 107, Melolonthinae, 55, Tenebrionidae, () 32, 34, 47, 55, 56, 57, 58, 89, 90, 91, 107, 108, 109, 110, 112, 113, 114, 115, 118, 121, 129, 130, 136, 137, 154, 155, 164, , Elateridae, () 32, 55, 111, Enchytraeidae, 31, 120, 121, 131, Eodorcadion, - Bison bison 12, 127, 144, 145, 146, , Allactaga major , Antilocapra americana 127, Geomyidae, Phodopus sungorus 100, 101, Procapra gutturosa 100, 101, 105, 106, 144, Otis tarda Spermophilus suslicus Equus hemionus 101, 105, 106, Equus przewalskii 105, 106, Cynomys, Spermophilus pygmaeus Meriones unguiculatus Microtus arvalis Lasiopodomys brandti 103, 128, Saiga tatarica 33, 75, 100, 101, 105, 106, 107, 114, 144, Ellobius talpinus 51, Spalax microphthalmus 51, Spalax, , Spalacidae 74, 101, 102, 104, Lagurus lagurus 103, 104, 125, Ochotona pusilla 100, 101, Marmota bobak Tetrax tetrax Marmota, 101, 102, 103, 104, 127, 132, 134, Spermophilus, 51, 100, 101, 102, 103, Equus gmelini 100, 146, , Procapra picticaudata , Pantholops hodgsoni Bos primigenius 100, 144, 146, Myospalax, , Spalacidae;

, M. myospalax, , M. psilurus 51, 74, 101, . 1. , ... (1974, 1976);

. . (1977);

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(1960);

. ., . . (1971);

. . (1965);

. . (1964).

. 2. . . (1963);

. ., . . (1971);

(I960);

(1964);

. . (1964).

. 3. . . . (1973);

. . (1978).

. 4. , . 18 (1968).

. 2. . . (1968).

. 3. . (1975);

. . (1973).

. 4. (1974);

. . (1964);

, ... (1974).

. 5. . . (1958).

. 7. . . (1977);

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(1979).

. 8. . ., . . (1975);

. . (1968);

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(1974);

... (1968).

. 9. (1974);

. . . (1970);

(1966);

. . (1976).

. 11. . ., . . (1979).

. 12. . . , http://cpgeosystems.com/paleomaps.html Ron Blakey, Colorado Plateau Geosystems, Arizona, USA . 13, 15. ( .).

. 14. (1976).

. 16, 17. .

. 18. . . (1973);

. (1975).

. 19, 20. . . (1951).

. 21. . . . (1970), . .. .

. 22. . .. .

. 23. . . (1978).

. 24. . . (1965).

. 26. . . . (1968).

. 27. (1973).

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. . , . . , . . , . . . . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . , .. , . . , . . , . , . . , C. Carbutt, E. Carriquiry, A. Glen .-. . 13,4. . . . 13,7. 70100/16.

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// 125009 , ., 9. .: (495) 787 21 00, 787 21 42;

: (495) 787 E-mail: savesteppe@mail.ru http://savesteppe.org/project/ru/

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